Of the remaining Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the most famous is in Egypt, where the Great Pyramid still dominates the plateau above the Nile River. These pyramids fascinated Egyptian travelers and pilgrims during the New Kingdom, and even then these artificial mountains were already 1,500 years old. Later they entranced the Greeks and Romans, and today, visitors from all over the world continue to flock to view the ancient monuments, temples, and tombs. But Egypt offers more than just ancient architecture and art; the ideas behind their creation give us a glimpse of our own origins. What often begins as a tour to gape at monuments built to ancient and strange gods can quickly become a pilgrimage to our own cultural roots.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international, or within the traveller’s country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go “beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only”, as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”.
Tourism can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country’s balance of payments. Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases being of vital importance.
These are other trips.